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Life in Two City-States Webquest

LIFE IN TWO CITY-STATES WEBQUESThp

LEARNING TARGET:
I can describe how the distinct cultures of Athens and Sparta resulted in unique perspectives. 



Introduction

In Ancient Greece, the two most notable city-states were Athens and Sparta . These two city states were bitter enemies and rivals of each other.  Though they were rarely friends, they did sometimes cooperate with each other, especially  when threatened by outside forces such as Persia (modern day Iraq and Iran).  Most often, the two city-states fought and competed for dominance within Greece.  

Sparta and Athens' rivalry stemmed from their cultural differences which resulted in two very distinct perspectives.  These cultural differences are most easily seen in their relationships with other city-states, the individuals' role in the State, gender roles, and the interactions among social classes. 

In this WebQuest, you will be exploring important aspects of both cultures. 



Tasks

In this Webquest, you will gather information about two city-states in Ancient Greece – Sparta and Athens! Your focus will be on the lives of the Spartan and Athenian people and you will make an informed decision about whether you would prefer to live in either Sparta or Athens!

TASK 1: Complete the chart handed to you in class on some key characteristics of the Athen's and Sparta ’s culture such as their governent, education, economy and treatment of women and slaves.  Complete each secttion by (1) writing three complete statements in response to each question and (2) answering each challenge question.  Once you have completed TASK 1, you should then proceed to TASK 2.

TASK 2: Complete the Venn diagram given to you in class by fully describing THREE MAJOR SIMILARITIES and THREE MAJOR DIFFERENCES between Athens and Sparta.  Your Venn diagram MUST be written in COMPLETE SENTENCES and you MUST use at least 10 of the words listed below.

Peloponnesus
isolated
conquer
suspicious
simple
citizen
direct democracy

Council of 500
Assembly
agora
economy
trade
coins
education

rights
Coucil of Elders  
kings
debate
agriculture
Attica
iron rods

perioikoi
helot
slave
village
city-state
discipline
military

girls
freedom
barracks
warrior
priestess  

oligarcy 
 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TASK 3:  Choose which city-state in which you would like to live and design a poster that convinces someone to come live with you. 
Your completed poster must include the following:

  • a PERSUASIVE slogan
  • three reasons why your city state is the best.  These reasons must come from a handout that you will receive from your teacher
  • an illustration that depicts each of your three reasons.
  • Use of colors that will make your poster attractive to those passing by in the hallway. 

Resources

Utilize the following websites and documents to complete your tasks as described above.
ancient greece
LIFE IN TWO CITY-STATES READING
The British Museum: Ancient Greece
The British Museum: Daily Life

Social Studies for Kids: Athens and Sparta: Different Yet the Same
Mr. Donn.org: Education in Greece
US History.org:  Ancient Greece (5a)

PBS.org:  Two Faces of Greece: Athens and Sparta
Mr. Donn.org: Greek Women
Mr. Donn.org: Ancient Greek Weddings

Athens
Mr. Donn.org: Athens
History-World.org:Athens
Ancient History Encyclopedia: Athens
BBC: Ancient Greeks: Athens

sparta
Mr. Donn.org: Sparta
HistoryWiz.org: The Spartan Family
History-World.org:Sparta
History-World.org: Demaratus on the Spartan Way of Living
Ancient History Encyclopediia: Sparta